Le Cette fois-ci la tracklist apparais au dos. Sur le E. Pourquoi un label anglais? En , Dado quitte Transwave! System B. Ramirez est un projet hispanique de vkfvlgvdj???
Surtout en Espagne et en France. Plus rapide, plus agressif aussi. Plus vraiment bourrin comme avant! Hard Mix. En tout cas on peu dire que Ramirez aura marquer la vague techno a tout jamais!
La Musika Tremenda. Album sortie le 20 Avril sur le fantastique label canadien Altar records. Accueil Description de la trance Les pionniers de la trance en construction! Janvier 01 M. Craig Connelly feat. Lien discogs Soundlift : Unstoppable A. The Finest L. Even with the release of 's three-disc The Ultimate Collection, which is poorly sequenced and has few rarities, Track Record remains the definitive collection for the Guess Who.
It hits all the band's commercial highs, and has two sets of Film musical Fantasia. Coffret de collection du film Fantasia de Walt Disney. Club Mix CDs by D.
U2 cd lot collection 9 cd total, collection de cd U2. All cds are either Very Good or Near Mint condition, some like new. You get 9 total cds, please look at picture. Rock and roll Music Vol Using various techniques, one is able to sing contrapuntally with oneself, opening up new musical territory.
There is no tension involved anywhere in the body while overtone singing. The singer is in a relaxed state, which ensures there is never any damage to the vocal cords.
At the other end of the spectrum, even opera singers have discovered valuable aspects of their voices through it, adding an alternative approach to their formal training. Musicians of all kinds may find ways of incorporating it into their compositions and improvisations, with instrumentation that further enhances the chordal possibilities.
The practice of overtoning serves to put sound through the microscope, so to speak. Known by various names i. There is still much public confusion concerning the difference between the two.
The western style has evolved to include polyphonic singing, with moving fundamentals, in comparison to the folk music of central Asia, in which there is usually only a single drone pitch. Throat singing also involves constriction of the larynx, whereas western overtoning has very little, if any at all. Tuvan throat singing has several techniques and sub-styles. This has been popularized by the group Huun-Huur-Tu. The initial work of Stockhausen was composed using a different system of overtone singing instructions based primarily on vowels than what is commonly used today a numbering system.
Due to its relatively young status, western overtoning does not really have a tradition. In comparison, central Asian throat singing goes back at least as far as the Silk Road trade, and is widely believed to have shamanic origins, though the Tuvans themselves cannot even come to unanimous agreement.
The vast majority of these Asian singers are male, although these days it is more acceptable for women. There are many practitioners of overtoning in the west now.
It can be found lurking in the background of practically any genre you can imagine, from New Age to jazz to world to pop, etc. Since the doors are wide open to its usage, experimentation is rampant. It is not gender specific. Apart from musical applications, it is also used for sound healing purposes.
I am going to give herewith an introduction of my paper. The rest of my paper can be found on the link above. Research can be done in many ways: by means of observation of native performers after on or more visits to the country concerned. What I am going to describe for you here is the result of my own experiments which will enable anyone to produce two simultaneous sounds similar to Mongolian and Tuvin overtone singing.
Mar 3. Contractions musculaires. Agrandir Original jpeg, 80k. Agrandir Original jpeg, 84k. Agrandir Original jpeg, k. Haut de page. Table des illustrations Titre G. Sing my Khomus. Index Auteurs. Jim Cole, over at Spectral Voices , notes that, for overtone singing, performers start by following these simple guidelines: To begin singing high whistle-like overtones, the sides of the tongue are curved upward and held nearly against the upper premolar teeth — creating a seal with the roof of the mouth all the way around with a small opening for air to pass.
Apprenticeship of vocal techniques The musical life of a Tibetan monastic community is intensive. Music is used in religious ceremonies, to call the monks to prayer, when making an offertory, to invoke the protection of the gods, during processions, to accompany ritual dances, etc… All the monks present take part in recitation and singing. Recitation may be of moderate or faster speed, in a very low voice Chanting : there are three styles of chant: — the Ta style: rather fast.
Only the vowell O can get the harmonic Only the monks of the Gyuto and Gyume monasteries could practise the overtones in their prayers. Caratteristiche fisiologiche e acustiche del Canto Difonico Graziano G. Stile Kargiraa In questo stile di canto le fondamentali sono in un registro estremamente basso fino al La 55 Hz, ma anche sotto. Bibliografia Aksenov, A. Fant, G. Acoustic theory of speech production , Mouton, The Hague. Fletcher, H. Plomp, R.
Stevens K. Based on the phonation and its production, is proposed a first attempt of provisory voice classification : Calls, cries and clamours The voice is used with intensity in order to project towards a big audience. Voice and breath The sound of the breath itself may be exploited for aesthetic ends, as when seeking a special timbre as in the whispered voice of the Burundi zither player. Sound example : Buddhist psalmody by Tibetan Monks, Tibet This is an extract of an invocation to the goddess Aphyi, protector of the monastery.
This song has no words. Sound example : Song for the carnaval, Bolivia, Indians Llamero By 2 women, this vocal duo with an ensemble of 4 vertival flutes rnkillo played in parallel octave by men. Sound example : Yodel during the alpine pasturage, Switzerland A three part polyphonic song without words consists of yodel syllables selected for the register, mostly with the vowels a and o in chest voice and u in falsetto, but also with i in both registers.
Ornementation Vibrato can be considered as ornementation. The Mongolians alternate vibrato with trills upon 2 degrees Sound example : Epic song , Kurdistan, Iran Ne discovers here the same very confined melodic structure, and the ornamentation technique tahrir, though less applied.
At the same time, the musician emits sounds of different animals Sound example :solo of didjeridu, Australie 9. To create the opposite direction between overtones and fundamentals When the fundamental is sung at A2 Hz the overtone is at H16 4 octaves above the fundamental. To create overtones corresponding to 7 chakras in Yoga In Yoga, there exist 7 chakras corresponding to 7 vowels, 7 sounds or pitches, 7 overtones and 7 points of the human body.
World Music Library. King Records. What is Overtone Singing? The lower pitch is the fundamental from which the natural harmonic series is generated. The singer uses special techniques to isolate individual harmonics and make them clear above this lower pitch. It is possible to move these 2 pitches in counterpoint with each other. Overtone singing is an articulatory technique in which a certain overtone is amplified. You will hear a whistle over the drone of the fundamental and lower harmonics.
The first fragment demonstrates a technique which is especially used in the Western countries. The fundamental remains the same in all cases! The careful somewhat retroflex articulation brings the second and third formant together, which amplifies the nearby overtone. The overtones can be heard. The overtone is then amplified by the first formant, while the nasal anti-resonance creates the acoustic distinction between the amplified overtone and the lowest harmonics.
In the subsequent demonstrations, we hear song fragments containing overtone singing, from the Tuva Republic in Mongolia. The technique is not essentially different from the Western technique, but glottal adducation is much higher almost pressed singing.
The Tuva people know a number of techniques, which are related to the fundamental frequency. In these fragments you will hear Sygyt which is typically produced with a pitch of Hz. An other technique is Kargyra, with a characteristic low pitch of less than 60 Hz. More information: Bloothooft, G. Levin, Theodore C. The lowest overtones are amplified by the first formant, the stepwise increasing resonance is the combination of second and third formant.
The best way to take to cons-foot those who too quickly categorized as a machine to ride due to Wind of Change. Released September 14, , the album is sadly served by a sound too American, poorly corresponding standards Scorpions.
What prevents drilling with core fans, to whom it was addressed yet. La France, which began its process of cultural destruction, does not broadcast the 1st single Alien Nation except excerpts on Arte. The sales figures are worse than the previous album. And, horror of horrors, Rudolf has shaved his famous mustache. Some fans even today find it difficult to fully recover. The second issue, the New Year 94 on TF1, remains infamous. She will burn for a long time from French metallers.
Anecdotally, when Rudolf and Co have registered, they received immediately after the visit of their friend Philip Maneuver. They said it was the worst thing to do in France than spending on this program. The group then contacted her management to cut their way to the assembly, but this was denied on the grounds that the money TF1 had already arrived in crates The beginning of a long series of management problems. One thing that the Scorpions always know as a person is to give concerts of fire.
The Tour Face The Heat spans two years, and they reserve a surprise for this occasion: the return of Michael Schenker with them, as a simple invitation, however, on some tracks. A Bercy, Sepultura as they take part, just to twist the blow to the image group ballads as Still Loving You gave them in our country. But the damage is done, Scorpions no longer on the throne. The album title is another play on words: in English a "lollipop" is "love bite", literally a "love bite". Here, what Scorpions proposing is not love bites, but "Live Bites".
In fact, it is not a live prepared and refined as were the World Wide Live and Tokyo Tapes and the disc serves to terminate their contract with Polygram Universal future and to occupy land. This can be seen in the choice disjointed and misguided securities therein. Sales of the album would feel it is even beaten by the compiling of the Golden Age Deadly Sting maliciously output by their former label EMI at the same time. During this period the Fall of Communism, Scorpions hit the sky and became a global icon.
Klaus and Co sat on the throne of heavy metal. But it is hard to stay king. Live Bites is an end of chapter not quite match up, unfortunately, a harbinger of difficulties ahead Instead of the promised heavy, the disk is a series of securities or pop varieties, a hundred leagues from the rare metal hallmark of Scorpions.
Critics showered in the fans, who resigned en masse. The disc, however, calibrated general public, fails in terms of sales figures. A parallel is quick with the Load Metallica released this year, which prompted similar reactions. How the group he could turn his coat so quickly, from the announcement of Klaus and the release of the album? The singer would later explain that their new label Eastwest who paid 4 million dollars to be heavy in their stables, they were urged to release a disc calibrated pop.
At that time, heavy-metal was flagging popularity level, and businessmen want a return on their investment. Shortly before this controversial release, the band performed in the show Taratata of France 2, a beautiful delivery, including Rudolf speaks today as a memory box. This issue is the French scene of a historic moment: the last time Herman plays as a Scorpio.
Not having had time to replace it before the recording of Pure Instinct Scorpions commit several session drummers to bring canned drum tracks. One of them is credited Curt Cress.
Yet, on two tracks is one James Kottak, their old friend to Kingdom Come. And it is they decide to take with them on tour. Pure Instinct Tour is riding over 2 years. If CD is doubtful, the group has not lost gnaque live, to the delight of fans who continued to believe and who bought their tickets. Kottak quickly wins their hearts through masterful performance, which earned him the position permanently Scorpions drummer.
Rudolf and Co have been very discreet. It was later learned that Scorpions has simply been close to the split! The heavy metal is no longer fashionable and their music will not work if it is not heavy, they wondered what they could still do.
They decide to continue the adventure with a simple argument: they always want to play, then it seems to do it! Recorded with the Austrian producer Peter Wolf, who is not deemed to be knowledgeable in heavy-metal, this UFO is another disappointment for the fans, even if the group has delivered some bombs here and there in the playlist Mind Like a Tree, Aleyah. The most notable experiment is the title Schmutzig Du Bist So this is the first time Scorpions composed a song in German.
The tour that follows is wrong. The band performs in classrooms half empty, he was more accustomed long ago. Klaus later admitted that Eye II Eye was an experience he does not regret, but an error. Its failure was foreseeable. Scorpions are now on a drip. He decides to recharge projects in parallel. The first: the symphonic album Moment of Glory "Moment of Glory" , a record studio where he re-recorded old tracks with the help of a philharmonic orchestra, and not only that: the Berlin Philharmonic Karayan the fire , the best orchestra in the world.
The story: Michael Kamen, originally was to take care of this album by Scorpions. But he has dropped along the way to work on that of Metallica. Fortunately, Scorpions is a worthy replacement in the person of Austrian conductor Christian Kolonovits. The symphonic arrangements of the latter proved better than Kamen, who will not be missed. However, the group responsible Kolonovits to choose songs for the playlist, and it proves far too wise.
The album, released not by Eastwest but EMI, also suffers from the presence of guests incongruous, too different from Scorpions. The album was also released on DVD, the new video support, and this version provides more bluntly than the CD.
The band plays live, leaving less room for guests, and offers 3 more songs, including the excellent novel We Do not Own the World and We'll Burn the Sky memorable. Scorpions perform a number of concerts in the world. They played a setlist of fire, showing they still can spit venom when they want.
They play again We'll Burn the Sky, which was not revealed in the closet 70 years by accident. Indeed, Monica Dannemann, who could not stand being accused of letting die Jimi Hendrix, had committed suicide. The text'll Burn the Sky, she says, thinking of Jimi, could now speak to her. Recorded in Portugal, a country which has always supported the group responsible, in a sumptuous monastery.
The heavy-metal Scorpions distal from evil without, the disc is composed primarily of ballads. As Moment of Glory, the album was also released on DVD, and again the video version is more complete than the audio version, with five more titles, maybe the best in this live.
During the year the group gave several concerts, symphonic and acoustic, including a performance in Paris outdoors at the Festival of Music. Each chapter in the life of Scorpions ends with a live. The live, which closes this dark chapter symbolizes his lack of gnaque it is a live sound. Scorpions played a setlist that gives pride to its Golden Age, it appears at this time the songs Lovedrive and Animal Magnetism.
That moment was improvised almost finished at the hospital for Klaus who picks up on the battery. This tour is a success. The group proves to himself he can still lift the crowd.
He feels that the time has come for a return to basics. At year end, after weeks of rumors on the Internet, replacing Ralph Rieckiermann by Polish Pawel Maciwoda bassist of the post is confirmed. A cover color metal, lyrics Blood Too Hot to the glory of their relationship found with the diehard fans The disc also released under the label BMG, in which the group returned; Eastwest has really been the record of the darkest hours of their career cause and effect?
This is the relief for fans who finally found their scorpion. On this occasion, the French Scorpa Fans gathered for several years by the magic of the Internet, decided to take a new stage in their love for the group and found a fan club French Scorpions, to structure their work and it give weight.
Thus begins the adventure of Crazyscorps. This mobilization of French fans affects the group and leads to a concert already legendary Olympia. Crazyscorps done all that yet remains unforgettable. The most memorable moment of this encounter: Nono when our president asked Klaus if he still wears his famous slip kangaroo clip No One Like You, and the singer down his pants to prove that this is not the case!
To the delight of female fans present. Photos, dedications, exchange a few words with our idols, a time absolutely unforgettable. The other highlight of this year in the history of Scorpions is the first concert meeting with Uli Roth.
That was 27 years that the guitar hero was replayed over with his original group. It was the dream of so many fans have not seen the 70 group than to see Uli with Scorpions. This major event and takes place in interplanetary France, Colmar. Hachani1, 2, B. Moine2, A. El-akrmi3, M. P 95, Hammam-Lif,, Tunisie. En utilisant la relation de P. La fig. Ce double monochromateur transmet le signal au Photomultiplicateur EMI En outre, ces spectres montrent la B.
Et la B. C Sm 0. Dans le VUV, la B. Dorenbos, J. Lumin, vol. Dorokhova, O. Filipenko, L. Atovmyan, B. Litvin, Russ. Biju, G. Jose, V. Thomas, V. Nampoori, N.
Unnikrishnan, Opticals Materials 24 Lumin, , Wang, Y. Wang, L. Wang, J. Balcerzyk, Z. Gontarz, M. Moszynski and M. Kapusta, J. Kim, I. Kwon, C. Park, Y. Hwang, H.
Bae, B. Yu, C. Pyum, G. Hong, J. Solid State Chemistry, vol. Medjahed 2, A. Manallah3, M. Son principe est le suivant: voir Fig. Il faut donc mesurer Imin, Imax, I1, I2 pour chaque dose de lait dans le milieu diffusant.
Azzouz1, M. Abdesselam1, M. Djebara1, A. Chami1 and M. Paul Meth. Abdesselam et al. And Meth. Ziegler and al. Herrati1 and S. Vienna: IAEA; Belouadah 1 , Z. Idiri 1 , S. Bougandoura 1 , S. Mannhart, D. Schmidt phys. Bundesanst Neutronenphysik Reports No. Pepelnik, capability of the 14 MeV neutron activation, J. Boudra 1, A. Amokrane 1,3, M. Mesradi 2, N. Abdelmjid 2 and J. A  figure D. Source radioactive Scintillateur N Tl 4cm 7. Medkour Ishak-Boushaki, M. Yacin, O. Gurler, G.
Kaynak, O. Gundogdu, Applied Radiation and Isotopes,65 10 , , National Nuclear Data Center. Brookhaven Laboratory U.
Moussous1, M. Benguerba2, T. La solution de Fricke, de masse volumique 1. Les valeurs de 0. Wall-correction and absorbed-dose conversion factors for Fricke dosimetry: Monte carlo calculations and measurements. Absorbed dose determination in external beam radiotherapy: An international code of practice for dosimetry based on standards of absorbed dose to water. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency; Ammi et al, Nucl, Instr and Meth, B, Ziegler, New York.
Damache et al, Nucl, Instr and Meth, B, Raisanen et al, Nucl, Instr and Meth, B, Santry et al, Nucl, Instr and Meth, B1, Taleb Department of Physics. Faculty of Sciences. Blida and LEQ. Faculty of Physics. Abstract: We will study the possibility of obtaining diffraction of atoms on a network by reflection.
We will not take into account the Van der Waals potential correction in the following. We will describe the kinematic characteristics of the diffraction orders . The problem is treated in a scalar manner as the lights shifts of the Zeeman sublevels of the fundamental state are equal. Thus, a two level atom configuration is considered. Introduction : We will study the scalar specular diffraction at a grazing and a normal incidence on an evanescent atomic mirror.
We will take a TE polarization so that we neglect the polarization mixing and so all the clebsh-gordon coefficients. A two level atom is considered. We will neglect the Van der Waals potential contribution. In a classical point of view, the atom behaves as a ball which crosses the modulated potential. The effect of the modulation is a transfer of velocity accumulated along its trajectory.
The atom explores a high number of periods of the dipolar evanescent potential when its incidence angle is grazing. This is due to the fact that the potential is soft along Oz at the scale of the atomic wavelength.
The cumulated effect of the velocity transfer received because of the modulation potential is thus nul. It is analog to the Raman-Nath approximation in light optics. The classical trajectory is calculated on a flat evanescent potential non modulated ; the modulation is introduced as a perturbation so that the trajectories are modified just a little by the presence of the modulation.
We calculate further the accumulated phase along the non perturbed atomic trajectory in presence of the modulation thanks to the WKB approximation for example . All happens in the xOz plane.
Figure 1: Grazing diffraction Figure2: Normal diffraction The main difference consists in the velocity transfer along the Oz axis. Figure 3 : The obliqueness factor between the incident wave vector and the perpendicular to the diffraction network. Because the potential is soft along Oz, the grazing diffraction is eliminated in a scalar manner of description.
References: : L. Cognet PhD thesis. University of Orsay. Landragin et al, EuroPhys. Hioul 1, N. Keghouche 1and J. Spectre d'absorption transitoire. La figure 3 montre les signaux obtenus pour 3 longueurs d'onde. A nm, nous avons un point isobestique.
Catalysis Today Rabalais Ed , John Wiley and Sons. Winter, Phys. Draxler, S. Markin, R. Beikler, E. Tauglauer, F. Kastner, M. Bersmann, P. Bauer, Nucl. Brongersma, M. Draxler, M. Bauer, Surf. Sigmund and K. Winterbon, Nucl. Marwick and P. Sigmund, Nucl. Ziegler, J. Biersack and U. Labbani1, L. Baouni1 et C. Ryssel, I.
Ruge, Ionenimplantation, B. Teubner, Stuttgart, Zulehner, G. Harbeke, M. Schulz Eds. Halimi, T. Laoui, A. Vantomme, B. Roebben, Mater. B, pp. Labbani, R. Halimi, Z. Chafi, Nucl. Labbani 1, L. Baouni 1 and C. Abstract: In this work, we study antimony ion implantation is silicon targets. The investigation is performed by simulation using the program SRIM and experimentally.
Besides, the radiation damage vacancies and phonons in the substrates was also predicted. On the other hand, an experimental study was carried out. Monocrystalline Si targets were submitted to a beam of antimony ions and implanted at keV energy to a dose of 1. The experimental results were in agreement with the simulation. Key words: silicon; antimony, ion implantation, simulation.
It is generally realized by ion implantation which possesses very advantages with regards to the doping by diffusion at high temperatures . The elements which are generally employed for semiconductors doping are phosphorus, arsenic and boron.
In this work, we study the antimony ion implantation in silicon targets because of its low diffusivity in Si [2,3]. One of the principal factors which play an important role, in the stopping of ions in matter, is the loss of energy. It is called the stopping power and it traduces the decrease of ions kinetic energy during their penetration in the solid. The first parameter is due to the nuclear collisions between ions and targets atoms. Concerning the second parameter i.
Se , it is due to the electronic collisions. On the other hand, an experimental study was carried out using the RBS technique. A comparison between the simulated and measured results was performed to test the SRIM predictions. The implantation of antimony ions was performed at keV energy to a dose of 1. The analysis of the samples was carried out using the RBS technique in random mode.
The SRIM program was used to simulate the interactions of antimony ions with silicon targets. In the calculation, it is assumed that the atomic density of Si remains constant during the implantation process. We used incident ions and full cascade calculation. The displacement energy of a silicon atom and the Si binding energy were chosen to be 15 eV and 2 eV respectively. These are the defaults values given by SRIM which are slightly different with regards to tabulated data [7,8].
This oxide was included to represent the native silicon oxide which is always present if the silicon wafer is in contact with air. Results and discussion Figure 1 shows the SRIM predictions of nuclear and electronic stopping powers versus antimony ions energy. From this plot, one can see that two principal domains may be observed. For the energies inferior to keV, the nuclear stopping power is predominant. Se Electronic collision Sn Nuclear collision Se Sn 0 0 Energy of antimony ions KeV Figure 1 Simulation of the nuclear and electronic stopping powers, in a silicon target, versus the energy of antimony ions.
In figure 2, we report the variations of these quantities with respect to antimony ions energy. According to these plots, one can see that the low energies i.
In figure 3, the distribution of antimony ions in the silicon target is displayed for the selected energy i. From this plot, it is clear that the simulated profile Fig.
They are slightly different from those corresponding to Gaussian fit i. Whereas, the obtained Kurtosis indicates that a small broad tail is present. In figure 3, we have added the Gaussian fit to show the small shift with regards to the simulated distribution. For this reason, we conclude that antimony ions exhibit a Gaussian-like distribution in the silicon target. The Gaussian fit … is added for comparison.
The displayed RBS spectrum of figure 4 a exhibits two signals at approximately 1. In figure 4 b , the antimony signal is shown solely for clarity.
We note that the values are in agreement with the simulation prediction. It is well known that the ion implantation enhances defects in the target. First of all, it is clear that the radiation damage is due to both ions and recoils. However, one can notice that the phenomenon enhanced by recoils is always more important than that generated by ions.
La conception de l insight au cours du 20 ème siècle Au début du 20 ème siècle la prise de conscience du critère morbide du trouble devient le signe d une guérison certaine. L insight est considéré comme partie intégrante d un nombre conséquent de troubles psychiques aussi bien névrotique, que psychotique. Com me exemple.